is a large continent, with a cold and icy border in the Arctic Ocean to the North and a pleasantly warm Mediterranean
to the south. To the east the Ural watershed in the Russian Federation forms the border with Asia. Iceland is Europe's most
The robust Homo Erectus
showed up first some 1.8 million years ago
in what is now Georgia, much later followed
and modern Cro-Magnon
. Since a few years we know that they interbred and present day Europeans carry a few percent
of Neanderthal genes.
In the Middle Ages Christianity
was rolled out, the Vikings discovered
Canada and crusades
were launched against Muslims in the Middle East and pagans in the Baltics.
From the 15th century
onwards several European countries colonized much of the rest of the world.
That did not stop them from wage bloody wars against
each other, both in Europe and in the new colonies.
After two devastating World Wars in the 20th century alone, awareness
rose that this aggressive nationalism had to be contained. It was the driver to build the European Union
of the world's most powerful economic entities.
Today there are about 50 countries with at least part of their territory
sitting on the European continent. 28 of them are member of the EU, but in 2016 the UK decided they want to rule the
waves again and leave the EU in March 2019.
Good luck to them.....