is a large continent,with a cold and icy border in the Arctic Ocean to the North and a pleasantly warm Mediterranian
to the south. To the east the Ural watershed in the Russian Federation forms the border with Asia. Iceland is Europe's most
The robust Homo Erectus
showed up first some 1.8 million years ago
in what is now Georgia, much later followed
and modern Cro-Magnon
. Since a few years we know that they interbred and present day Europeans carry a few percent
of Neanderthal genes
In the Middle Ages Christianity
was rolled out, the Vikings discovered Canada and crusades
launched against muslims in the Middle East and pagans in the Baltics.
From the 15th century onwards several European
countries colonized much of the rest of the world.
That did not stop them from wage bloody wars against each other, both in Europe
and in the new colonies
After two devastating World Wars in the 20th century, awareness rose that this aggressive
nationalism had to be contained. It was the driver to build the European Union
, one of the worlds most powerful
Today there are about 50 countries with at least part of their teritory sitting in the European continent,
28 of them are part of the EU.