Europe ranges from a snowcovered Svalbard, well above the polar circle, to Tarifa on the Strait of Gibraltar in the south. To the east the Ural watershed forms the border with Asia.

Homo Erectus showed up about 1.8 million years ago, much later followed by sturdy Neanderthals and modern Cro-Magnon.

The Western Culture originated in Ancient Greece, some 2500 years ago and spread over the continent  by the mighty legions of the  Roman Empire.
In the Middle Ages Christianity was rolled out, Vikings discovered Canada and crusades were launched against muslims in the Middle East and pagans in the Baltics.
From the 15th century onwards European countries colonized much of the rest of the world. That did not stop them from endlessly wage war against each other. 
 
After two devastating World Wars in the 20th century awareness rose that  this aggressive nationalism had to be contained.
It was one of the drivers to build  the
European Union, today one of the worlds economic powerhouses.
 Its decision taking process is tedious and slow but things gets done, eventually.. Rising populism threaten to undo these gains and bring back the dangerous nationalism.
Scandinavia
Germany
Spain
England
France
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Scotland
Iceland
Czech Rep
Austria
Estonia
Latvia
Gibraltar
Netherlands
Russia
Denmark