The Czech Republic with Prague as its capital  is a landlocked country in the center of Europe.
Evidence of early human settlement here comes from a small ceramic figure called  the Venus of Dolní Vestonice.
As the Duchy of Bohemia it played its role in the history of the region. In the 9th century AD it was part of Great Moravia.
In the Holy Roman Empire it became a full kingdom and gained in importance.
The Bohemian Revolt in 1618 started the Thirty Year's War, a vicious and bloody event that devastated Europe with famine and discease and changed the European political landscape completely.
The Republic of Czechoslovakia was formed in 1918. After the occupation by Nazi Germany it joined the Warsaw PactAfter the collapse of the Iron Curtain in 1989 the two parts decided to split the country in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Presently the Czech Republic is a wealthy and thriving country within the EU.
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