Whether it is a country, a province or a region is unclear but for sure Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom since the Partition of Ireland in 1921.

In the 17th century the region was at the center of several rebellions against the English occupation of Ireland, but after the victory of Prince William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne the English strengthened their hold over Ireland. 

They harshly suppressed the local Irish Catholics, confiscated large swaths of land and brought in scores of Protestant settlers from England and Scotland.
This policy was so successful that  in 1921 Protestants formed the majority in what was to become Northern  Ireland and voted to join the UK. 
Afterwards the suppression of Catholics continued.

Eventually this led to violent unrest, euphemistically called The Troublesclaiming 3500 deaths.

Violence ceased after the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, but tensions still simmer and peace walls in the capital Belfast separate Republicans and Loyalists from each other.

During the Industrial Revolution Northern Ireland became a world powerhouse and thanks to its linen and shipbuilding industry Belfast flourished.

But those haydays are over and presently the region struggles a bit economically.

Tourism is up though with scores of people visiting the rough northern coasts that feature the Giant Causeway basaltic wonder and the Carrick a Rede rope bridge.

 

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Giant Causeway
Carrick a Rede
Belfast
Belfast Murals