Austria's history is tightly related to the Habsburg dynasty that ruled
from the 11th century till postwar 1918, when it became a democratic republic.
A dark interlude was the 1938 Anschluss when
the country joined Nazi Germany.
The republic of Austria was restored in 1955 and presently it is a wealthy country
in the EU with the Euro as currency.
Wintersports are very popular and draw a lot of tourists to the snowy ski-pistes.
with Vienna at its center, has had a tremendous influence on Europe's culture with composers like Beethoven, Haydn, Liszt, Strauss
jr.+sr. and of course Mozart.
But also in science it played a major role with Lorentz, Boltzmann and Freud.