The Republic of Austria is a country in Central Europe. Most of the territory lies within the Alps, the highest point is the Grossglockner at 3800 m.
Neanderthals roamed Central Europe long before modern humans arrived some 45.000 years ago. A famous artefact from that time is the Venus of Willendorf.
Austria's history is tightly related to the Habsburg dynasty that ruled from the 11th century till postwar 1918, when it became a democratic republic.
A dark interlude was the 1938 Anschluss when the country joined Nazi Germany.
The republic of Austria was restored in 1955 and presently it is a wealthy country in the EU with the Euro as currency.
Wintersports are very popular and draw a lot of tourists to the snowy ski-pistes.
Austria, with Vienna at its center, has had a tremendous influence on Europe's culture with composers like Beethoven, Haydn, Liszt, Strauss jr.+sr. and of course Mozart.
But also in science it played a major role with Lorentz, Boltzmann and Freud.
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