The Balearic and Canary Islands
also belong to the Kingdom of Spain.
A local version of Homo Erectus roamed Iberia 1 million years ago, much later followed by
Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon modern humans..
Under the name Hispania the Romans ruled for 6 centuries till the Visigoths took
control in the 5th century AD. In the early 8th century Moorish muslims conquered Iberia and ruled well into the 13th century.
played a major role in the colonisation and plundering of the New World which brought the country great wealth and the
status of world super power.
The 19th and 20th century were desastreus with a French occupation, the loss of most of the
American colonies and a devastating civil war followed by Franco's fascist dictatorship.
The country joined the EU in 1986 and the Eurozone in 1999.