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Spain shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal and the Brittish Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.
The Balearic and Canary Islands also belong to the Kingdom of Spain.
 
A local version of Homo Erectus roamed Iberia 1 million years ago, much later followed by Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon modern humans.
 
Under the name Hispania the Romans ruled for 6 centuries till the Visigoths took control in the 5th century AD. In the early 8th century Moorish muslims conquered Iberia and ruled well into the 13th century.
 
Spain played a major role in the colonisation and plundering of the New World which brought the country great wealth and the status of world super power.
 
The 19th and 20th century were desastreus with a French occupation, the loss of most of the American colonies and a devastating civil war followed by Franco's fascist dictatorship that lasted till his death in 1975.
 
TheSpanish Constitution of 1978 marked the transfer to a parliamentary democracy.
Spain joined the EU in 1986 and the Eurozone in 1999.
 
The recent Financial Crisis has hit home hard but the country is recovering steadily.
 
Tourism is booming, not only on the eastcoast costas but also in the towns with their rich culture and historc sites.
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Alhambra
Valencia
Barcelona
Costa Blanca
Castilla la Mancha
Madrid
Zaragoza