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Spain shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal and the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.
The Balearic and Canary Islands also belong to the Kingdom of Spain.
A local version of Homo Erectus roamed Iberia 1 million years ago, much later followed by Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon modern humans.
Under the name Hispania the Romans ruled for 6 centuries till the Visigoths took control in the 5th century AD. In the early 8th century Moorish Muslims conquered Iberia and ruled well into the 13th century.
Spain played a major role in the colonization and plundering of the New World bringing the country great wealth and the status of world super power.
The 19th and 20th century were disastrous with a French occupation, the loss of most of the American colonies and a devastating civil war followed by Franco's fascist dictatorship that lasted till his death in 1975.
The Spanish Constitution of 1978 marked the transfer to a parliamentary democracy.
Spain joined the EU in 1986 and the Euro zone in 1999.
The recent Financial Crisis hit Spain hard but the country was recovering steadily till the Covid 19 Pandemic struck.
The booming tourist industry has dropped to practically zero and hard times seems ahead for Spain.
Costa Blanca
Castilla la Mancha
Santiago de Compostella
San Sebastian
Picos de Europa