After the German Reunification, Berlin regained its position as Germany's capital and seat of government.
Located on the banks of the Spree river, Berlin is the second-largest city in the EU after London and forms the economic, political and cultural center of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Berlin was supposedly founded in the 1160's by Albert the Bear, the first Margrave of Brandenburg, but the official founding date used is 1237. Over the following centuries Berlin served as capital for Brandenburg, the Kingdom of Prussia, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic and Hitler's infamous Third Reich.
The western allies occupied West Berlin, an enclave in East Germany. At the hight of the Cold War heDDR erected the Berlin Wall that completely separated East and West Berlin, but after the collapse of the DDR in 1990 the wall was demolished and Berlin and the two German states were reunited again.
The city sports an extensive metro network, called U-Bahn that will bring you to all the places of interest., like the Alexander Platz and the nearby Nikolaiviertel.
Walk under the famous Brandenburger Tor and visit the Reichstag, the seat of the German parliament.
A relaxed way to see the town is to take a guded boat tour on the Spree river.