Beijing Municipality covers parts of the Jundu Mountains in the northwest and the fertile North China Plain in the southeast.
With the city of Beijing at its center it is one of the most populous parts of the world and comparable to Australia.
southwest of present-day Beijing are the caves where in 1921 the remains of Peking Man were discovered, a local version of Homo Erectus who
roamed the area some 750.000 years ago.
To protect the northern borders from invaders early versions of a wall were constructed from
the 7th century BC.
The restored section of the Great Wall at Badaling is a major tourist destination.
The Summer Palace,
just northeast of the city is the place where emperors of several dynasties retreated during the hot Beijing summers.
with small interruptions, been the capital of China ever since Kublai Khan founded the Yuan dynasty
in 1271, and
hence the city has troves of ancient and new monuments and places.