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Xin Jiang
Beijing
Harbin
Yangtze Delta
Shaanxi
Yunnan
Guilin Area
Hong Kong
With almost 1.4 billion inhabitants China is the world's most populous country and the second largest by land area. Its topography is very diverse  with deserts, tropical forests, Himalayan mountains and long rivers like the Yangzhe.
 
Homo Erectus  left fossils of Peking Man in the caves of Zhoukoudian and a first wave of modern humans arrived here 100.000 years ago, long before they showed up in Europe.
Much later the Jiahu people cultivated rice and developed the world's first writing.
 
From 3000 BC dynasties came and went, from the Yellow Emeror till the end of Qing in 1912.
In 221 BC First Emperor Qin Shi Huang united China for the first time in history.
 
Sun Yat-sen established the Republic of China in 1912 but soon the country fell in disarray and a Civil War started, shortly interrupted by the Japanese invasion during WWII.
The People's Republic of China was created in 1949 after the communists defeated the Kuomintang who then retreated to Taiwan.
Mao Zedong launched the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, killing millions and millions in the process.
Deng Xiaoping introduced economic reforms in 1976 and initiated a real great leap forward.
 
Today China is the world's second largest economy, well on its way to overtake the USA  in a couple of decades.