Yunnan is a province in China's southwest, bordering Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam.
It is a mountainous province and holds large reserves of metals like Al, Pb, Cu and Zn. 
A local version of Homo Erectus, called Yuanmou Man, lived here maybe as early as 1.7 million years ago.
The Dian people lived in the present day Kunming region and they had domesticated their horses as early as the 6th century BC. The Dian were skilled metal workers and left many bronze artefacts to testify their high level of craftmanship.
The Dian Kingdom was a strong slave state and florished until conquered by the Han Empire in the 2d century BC.
During the Panthay rebellion of the Hui and other local people in the 19th century scores were killed. After taking control back the Manchu Qing rulers performed a rigorous ethnic cleansing.
Buddhist Lamas attacked on French Catholic missionaries sparked the Tibetan Rebellion in 1905, but the uprising was quickly crushed. 
The leaders in Beijing are very wary of everything related to Tibet and this includes the parts of Yunnan that border the Tibetan Autonomous Region.
Yunnan's major tourist attractions are the capital Kunming, the karst stone forest Shilin, the old town of Lijiang with its Naxi culture and the Songzanlin Monastery in Shangri La.
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Shangri La