Yunnan is a province in the southwest, bordering Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam.
The mountainous province has large reserves of metals like Al, Pb and Zn. 
A local version of Homo Erectus, called Yuanmou Man, lived here maybe as early as 1.7 million years ago.
The Dian people domesticated horses in the 6th century BC and were skilled metal workers.They left many bronze artefacts.
During the Panthay rebellion of Hui and other local people in the 19th century scores were killed. After taking control again the Manchu Qing rulers performed a rigorous ethnic cleansing.
Buddhist Lamas attacks on the local French Catholic missionaries sparked the Tibetan Rebellion in 1905, which was quickly crushed. 
As of  today the leaders in Beijing are wary of everything related to Tibet, this includes parts of Yunnan nearTibet.
Yunnan's major tourist attractions are the capital Kunming, the stone forest Shilin, the scenic town of Lijiang with its Naxi culture and the Songzanlin Monastery in Shangri La.
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Shangri La