Its population is diverse with descendents from the
native people like the Muiscas, Spanish colonists, African slaves and European immigrants.
First human migrants, on their
way to explore and settle South America, passed here probably more then 15000 years ago. Some stayed, others moved on.
the arrival of the Spanish various native people like the Muisca people lived here.
Vasco Núñez de Balboa, a real tough
guy, founded Colombia's first Spanish settlement in 1510. Later in that century many expeditions were set up to find the famous El Dorado. as of today they all failed.
1960's the country has been fighting the guerrillas of the FARC, but in 2016 a peace agreement was signed.
is the capital, at Zipaquira there is a huge underground church carved out in the salt mines.