South America stretches 65 degrees of latitude all the way from the warm Carribean Sea to cold and windy Cape Horn deep south,
covering steamy rainforests, mighty rivers, arid deserts, high, show covered mountains and icy glaciers.
long Andes mountain range that splits east and west is rich in minerals like gold, copper and lithium.
rainforest functions as the lungs of the world. At least according to some.
Scolars think first humans entered on foot some
12.000 years ago but others propose, based on recent archeological and DNA evidence
, an earlier colonization by Australoids who
came by boat.
Much later Polynesians landed on the west coast. Until we find their travel diaries we just do not know.
Europeans arrived in the 16th century and Spanish and Portugese conquistadors overpowered the local civilizations, robbed their
gold and colonized the continent.
In the 19th century the Spanish colonies gained independence and, after a century of military
regimes, dictatorships and bloody revolutions, today the 12 countries in South America are democracies with a Latin American
Most economies are based on mining, agriculture, forestry and petroleum industry.