Antarctica, with the South Pole at its center, is completely surrounded by the Southern Ocean. Unlike the North Pole, most of the ice sits on solid and high ground and piles up to heights of up to 4 km.
The continent holds 90% of the world's ice and, if all would melt, would cause a Sea level rise of 60 meters. Luckily that is not going to happen soon as temperatures mostly remain way below zero and regularly dip to minus 85 C.

Antarctica's existence was guessed by Ptolemy, but the first man to set foot ashore was John Davis in 1821.
From 1907 til 1917 Shackleton led several expeditions to Antarctica. His voyage with the James Caird and the epic crossing of South Georgia made him the ultimate hero.
The race to the South Pole was won by  Amundsen who planted the Norwegian flag in Dec 1911. His competitor Scott arrived 5 weeks later but perished on the way back.
Lake Vostok is a fresh water lake beneath 4000 m of ice.  In 2015 Russian scientists drilled al the way down and collected a sample of the pristine water.
Mount Erebus, located on Ross Island is the world's most southern active volcano.
At least 8 countries claim parts of Antarctica and the 1959 Antarctic Treaty was set up to regulate the relations.
The Madrid Protocol of 1998 prohibits all mining and designates Antarctica as devoted to piece and science.
About  40.000 tourists travel to Antarctica annually aboard cruise ships that mostly visit the Antarctic Peninsula. Others board a plane from Chile, Argentina or Australia to see the endless ice from above.
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Antarctic Peninsula