The Falkland Islands are located some 500 km east of Argentina. Almost all 3500 inhabitants are of British descent and consider themselves 100% British.

Most Falklanders live and work in or around the capital Stanleyleaving the rest of the cold, windswept hinterland to sheep birds and seals. 
Once the Warrah, or Falkland Islands wolf, lived here but by 1880 this mammal was hunted into extinction.
Today the Falklands are home to many bird colonies of black-browed albatross and 5 species of penguin.
European explorers may have spotted the isles in the 16th century but first to set foot here was John Strong in 1690, en route to Peru. The first permanent settlements appeared in the 1760's and soon tension between Spain and Britain flared up on the issue of sovereignty.
Since 1833 the Falklands are under British rule, but Argentina claims sovereignty over what they call the Islas Malvinas and even invaded the islands in 1982. 
In the ensuing Falklands War a British Expeditionary Force solidly defeated the invaders. More than 900 soldiers lost their lives in this bloody conflict. Large stretches of land are stil closed to the public as they are littered with landmines.
Before the Falklands War sheep farming carried the flailing economy, but, with help from the UKfishing and tourism now support a booming economy.
Moreover the seas around the Falklands may hold large reserves of oil that could further boost the economy.
As a British overseas territory the possible effects of Brexit are as of yet unclear.
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Sparrow Cove