Newfoundland is a large island located at Canada's north-eastern coast. The island enjoys a subarctic climate and in winter the northern shores see plenty of pack ice with the occasional polar bear showing up. In late spring and early summer icebergs from "nearby" Greenland can be seen drifting by on their way to the Atlantic and oblivion.
Paleo-Eskimos carved out a harsh living here long before around 1000 AD Leif Eriksson and his fellow Vikings established a foothold at L'Anse aux Meadows.
At the end of the 15th century European fishermen showed up to harvest the abundant cod population.
In 1497 the Venetian explorer John Cabot landed at Cape Bonavista but It was not until 1583 that Newfoundland was claimed for England, its first overseas colony.
At that time the Beothuk lived on the island but they were no match for the large European influx and by mid 19th century they had become all but extinct.
Most Newfies are from Irish and English descent which resonates in the island's dialects and cultures.
In 1949 Newfoundland and Labrador joined the Canadian Confederation with St Johns as capital.
Fishing remained an important source of income until the Cod Moratorium shut down the industry in 1992, resulting in mass unemployment and the young people leaving the island.
A booming gas and oil industry brought back growth but a recent slump has all but stopped that business, making tourism even more important.
Gros Morne
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Port aux Basques