The southern part of Shaanxi Province, where the Yellow River flows through the fertile Loess Plateau is considered to be one of the world's most important cradles of humankind.
The province is know for its fossil fuels and hightech sectors. Its capital is the sprawling metropole of Xian.
A local version of Homo Erectus, called Lantian Man,  lived here 1.5 million years ago. There are indications this robust predator had already control of fire.
Much later the region became a center for the Zhou dynasty, known for its bronze vessels and modern script of Chinese characters.
The Huaqing hotsprings were already well know to the Zhou and many subsequent emperors and dignitaries used, enlarged and pimped up the place.
Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor to unify China in 221 BC made Xian his capital and left the world his Terracotta Army, now on display at the Qin Mausoleum.
Tang Emperor Gaozong and his  ambitious and ruthless wife Wu Zetian left an enduring mark with the Qiangling Tang Mausoleum at Liangshan Hill.
Buddhism thrived in the early Tang period and Famen became a religious center thanks to the recently recovered original fingerbone of Sakyamuni Buddha.
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Terracotta Army
Xian city
Qianling Mausoleum
Huaqing hotsprings