The Hawaiian Islands
are actually the peaks of an long stretched undersea volcano range.
For the last 32 million years the
has moved in a northwestern direction over the Hawai'i Hotspot
in the ocean floor.
The islands to the north
are thus the oldest and have ceased volcanic activity long time ago. The Haleakala volcano on Maui is dormant and only the southernmost
island, Hawai'i, still features active volcanoes, including spectacular flows of red-hot lava.
Southeast of Hawai'i a new island
is in the making. Just wait another 10.000 years...
About 2000 years ago Polynesian explorers from the Marquesas
started to settle the Hawaiian Islands and the population grew steadily.
discovered the islands for Britain
in 1778 but he was killed by locals at Kealakekua Bay
a year later when he tried to kidnap the local chief.
It was overthrown in 1893 with 'help'
of the USA which subsequently annexed the islands in 1898.
The Hawaiin Islands joined the USA as the 50th and sofar last state