forms the interface between Europe and Asia, not only geologically but also in terms of history, culture, economics and
politics. Only a small portion, called East Thrace
, sits on the European continent but it includes Istanbul
and Europe's largest city. The Anatolian Peninsula, also called Asia Minor
, is part of Asia and includes Türkiye
's capital Ankara
citizens are Turks
, but a minority is Kurd
and the groups share a long history of mistrust and violence.
been on the crossroads of human history ever since first members of the genus Homo left Africa.
Stone tools from the Gediz River
1.2 million years old. Hunter-gatherers built the impressive Gobekli Tepe
complex around 10.000 BC. Starting 5000 BC, Anatolian
farmers migrated into Europe all the way to Ireland.
Today Türkiye is an industrialized
country and regional powerhouse, meddling more and more in the troubles and violence of the volatile Middle East.