The Tierra del Fuego
archipelago forms the southern tip of South America. The Strait of Magellan
the area from the South American mainland. Punta Arenas,
Chile's largest city in the area is located at the Strait.
Fuego is a cold and windy place with lakes and moraines in the eastern lowlands, and the heavily glaciated
end of the Andes
mountains to the west.
The wildlife-rich Beagle Channel forms the southern end of the main island. Here you
find Ushuaia, the world's southernmost city.
Located even further south, Isla Hornos
, also known as Cape Horn
, houses a small
Chilean Navy station with a pilot service. The Albatross monument
commemorates all the sailors that perished here.
He noticed the many fires lit by the locals and named the hostile coast Land of Fire.
in the 19th century a gold rush
brought droves of Argentines and Chileans to the area and they de-facto wiped out the
Oil was found in the 1940's. A dispute over islands almost led to a war between the
two countries in 1978. So, during the Falklands War
the Chileans happily reported Argentine jet movements to the British forces.