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The Tierra del Fuego (or Land of Fire) archipelago is the southern part of South America. Since 1881 the border between Argentina and Chile runs right through the main island Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. Here, at the Beagle Channel shore sits the world's southernmost city Ushuaia.
Even further south the island Isla Hornos, also known as Cape Horn, holds a small Chilean Navy station with a pilot service. Here you also find the famous Albatros monument.
The area got its name from Ferdinant Magellan who sailed through the Drake Passage in 1520 on his quest to find a west passage to Asia for the Spanish Crown. 
Humans arrived here around 12.000 BP and carved out a living in the harsh environment.
Late in the 19th century a gold rush brought droves of Argentines and Chileans to the area and they de-facto wiped out the local Yaghan and Selk'nam people.
Oil was found in the 1940-ties. A dispute over some islands almost led to a war between the two countries in 1978. During the Falklands War the Chileans reported Argentine jet movements to the British. Nothing better than a good neighbor..
We visited the area in February/March 2009.
Punta Arenas
Cape Horn
Beagle Channel
Glaciers Avenue