Quebec is Canada's largest province with a territory 3 times as large as the Texas Lone Star state.
Almost all of the
8 million Quebecers live around the lower reaches of the mighty St Lawrence River, leaving the rest of the lands mostly
to indigenous peoples with the Unuit in the cold high north and First Nation peoples below the Arctic. They had been living
here for millennia before the first Basque mariners explored the St Lawrence in the early 1500's, soon to be followed
by French trappers and settlers.
Quebec became part of New France but after the Seven Year's War France ceded its Canadian
possessions to Britain. There have been tensions between the English and French speaking population groups ever since, resulting
in the Conscription Crisis of 1917 and the nearly successful referendum for independence of 1995.
Today Quebec is the only Canadian
province where French is the official language.
During the last Ice Age all of Quebec was covered by the massive 2 km thick Laurentide
Ice Sheet that created the zillions of large and small lakes that today dot the forrested lands of the Canadian Shield.
sports a varied wildlife with polar bears along the northern shores, moose and black bear everywhere else and abundant marine
wildlife in the St Lawrence.
Climate ranges from cold to very cold in the north to warm
in summer and cold in winter for the southern regions, so tourists have a clear preference to visit in summer.