The southern part of Shaanxi, where the Yellow River flows through the fertile Loess Plateau, is one of the world's cradles
Presently the province is know for its fossil fuels and hightech sectors.
Lantian Man, a local version of
Homo Erectus, hunted and lived here a million years ago,
later the area became a center for the Zhou dynasty, known for
its bronze vessels and modern script of chinese writing.
The Huaqing hotsprings were already know to the Zhou and many
subsequent emperors used and enlarged the place.
Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor to unify China in 221 BC made Xian his capital
and left the world his Terracotta Army, now on display at the Qin Mausoleum.
Tang Emperor Gaozong and his ambitious
and ruthless wife Wu Zetian left an enduring mark with the Qiangling Tang Mausoleum at Liangshan Hill.
in the early Tang period and Famen became a religious center thanks to the original fingerbone of Sakyamuni Buddha.