Longyearbyen
Bear Island
Svalbard is a group of Norwegian islands in the Arctic Ocean, halfway between Norway and the North Pole and well above the Arctic Circle.
 
Spitsbergen is the archipelago's largest island and has a couple of settlements of which Longyearbyen is the largest.
 
UninhabitedBear Island is its southernmost member.
 
Most of the land is covered by snow and glaciers, only 10% has some tundra vegetation over the permafrost.
 
The climate is governed by the cold arctic winds from the north, moderated by the West Spitsbergen Current that keeps the waters mostly open.
 
Svalbard sits at the edge of the Arctic Sea Ice and is used to point to the dangers of global warming, with a predicted decline or even fully demise of the local polar bear population as its posterchild. 
Unfortunately for the pundits a survey in 2015 showed that the local bear population has surged 40%  and they are in good shape. Bad news for the ringed seals and locals that wander out in the cold.
 
Also present on Svalbard are a local species of reindeerarctic foxes, walrus and many bird species.
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