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Thailand, formerly Siam, is a country with almost 70 million inhabitants. In the past it was also know as Siam. A constitutional monarchy since 1973, the country is politically unstable, with a major role for the military  Meanwhile the economy is doing fine.
Thailand has a long and rich history, starting with the Lampang Man from the Homo Electus species who left us his fossils 1 million years ago. Cave paintings are date at 10.000 BP.
The Khmer Empire was founded in 802 AD century and lasted till the 15th century. Its capital was Angor, situated in present day Cambodia.
From the 14th to the 18th century the city state of Ayutthaya flourished and around 1700 it was the largest city in the world with 1 million inhabitants.
After a Burmese invasion in 1765 the state collapsed and fell into chaos.
King Rama I founded the Chakri dynasty in 1782 with Bangkok as Capital and this dynasty has provided all the successive monarchs including the present ruler Vajiralongkorn.
During WWII Thailand's military sided with Japan and declared war to the USA and the UK.
Tens of thousands Asian laborors and Allied POW's died building the infamous Burma Railway.
The country was hit hard by the 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami.
In 2018 Thailand 12 boys got trapped in a flooded cave and their rescue was world news.
Ton Sai