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Bali is a small island in the indonesian archipelago with Java to the west and Lombok to the east. It is the only island in Indonesia with a Hindu majority and is known for its diverse and high quality of arts, heavily influenced by the Hindu culture.
Homo Erectus strolled here from half a million years ago and first modern humans showed up 45.000 BC, displacing the local Homo Erectus population. 
Hnduism was introduced from the 9th century onwards.
The first Dutch explorers came to the island in the early 17th century, but real colonization started around 1850 and It took the Dutch more than half a century and much bloodshed before they could excercise full control over the island in 1906.
The stratovolcano Gunung Agung dominates the local weather. Since 2017 the volcano is active again, belching ash and causing temporary closures of the nearby Denpassar airport.
The last major eruption was in 1963 and killed nearly 1500 people.
Since the 9th century rice cultivation in Bali is controlled by a farmers organization called Subak, making sure everybody gets his share of water to irrigate the paddy fields
The 2002 Bali Bombing in Kuta is a sad reminder that even peacefull places like Bali are not immune to muslim extremists. A second bombing took place in 2005. 
Today Bali is a major tourist destination for Europeans and Australians alike.
Bali 1998
Bali 2002-2005