Argentina is the second largest country of the South American continent, its area covering hot humid tropics in the north and cold and stormy Tierra del Fuega deep south..
First humans left their colored signs in the Cueva de las Manos in Pathagonia 13.000 years ago.
When the conquistadors arrived early in the 16th century, many ethnic and cultural groups populated the land, with Mapuches dominating the south and Incas the northwest.
For the next 3 centuries Argentina's territory was part of the Spanish Empire until independence was won in 1818. But soon a vicious civil war broke out that would last till 1861.
Starting in 1880 waves of European immigrants, mainly from Spain and Italy, changed Argentina's demographics so that today it has a distinct European touch, certainly in the large cities.
In the 20th century the country saw several military coups and a dirty war that only ended in 1982 after the Argentinean defeat in the Falkland War.
Since 1983 Argentina is a democratic federal republic.
Famous Argentinians are Evita Peron and Lionel Messi.
Buenos Aires
Iguazu Falls
La Alameda
Tierra del Fuego
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