Argentina is the second largest country of the South American continent, its area covering hot humid tropics in the north and cold
and stormy Tierra del Fuega deep south..
First humans left their colored signs in the Cueva de las Manos
13.000 years ago.
When the conquistadors arrived early in the 16th century, many ethnic and cultural groups populated the
land, with Mapuches dominating the south and Incas the northwest.
For the next 3 centuries Argentina's territory was part
of the Spanish Empire until independence was won in 1818. But soon a vicious civil war broke out that would last till 1861.
in 1880 waves of European immigrants, mainly from Spain and Italy, changed Argentina's demographics so that today
it has a distinct European touch, certainly in the large cities.
In the 20th century the country saw several military coups and
a dirty war that only ended in 1982 after the Argentinean defeat in the Falkland War.
Since 1983 Argentina is a democratic federal