is composed of thousands of islands.
75% of the total area is inhabitable, so the Japanese tend to huddle together,
creating a very high population density.
The archipelago sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire, earthquakes are frequent and
sometimes devastating. The magnitude 9.1 quake of 2011 triggered a huge tsunami that knocked out the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant.
humans appeared some 40.000 year ago and later evolved in the Jomon culture. Around 400 BC setlers from the
Asian continent introduced agriculture which kicked of the Yayoi culture.
Since 660 BC Japan is ruled by emperors, but
from the 13th
till 19th century the country was effectively ruled by Shoguns
with their Samurai warriors.
In the 20th century Japan became
an agressive state and invaded large parts of Asia.
With the attack on Pearl Harbor
it started the war with the USA
which ended with the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945
Today Japan is a prosperous constitutional monarchy
with the emperor as head of state.
It is an industrial and fishing based power house with the world`s 3d largest
GDP. Of concern are the high depth and the troubled relations with China.