is one of the largest countries in the world with a heat scorched and mostly uninhabited colorful hinterland.
its remote location first humans set afoot here as early as 80 millennia ago. They came by boat from the north, practicing
DNA from Mungo Man
differ substantially from present day Aboriginals
. This points to multiple
emigration waves, sofar lost in the haze of time.
Before Willem Janszoon
stepped ashore in 1606, Indians, Chinese and
probably Arabs had already reached Australia but did not create permanent settlements.
explored the eastern shores
in 1770 and claimed it as British territory.
A British penal colony was set up in 1788 at Sydney Cove. This was the beginning
of the decline of the Aboriginal people.
In 1986 the last formal ties with Britain were cut and Australia is now a federal
parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
The country's economy is based on mining (coal), agriculture, manufacturing and banking.
live in urban areas close to the shore, leaving most of the countryside to kangaroos
, camels and poisonous snakes while salties and great
whites patrol the shores.