is one of the largest countries in the world with a huge heat scorched and mostly uninhabited innerland.
its remote location first humans set afoot here maybe as early as 70 millenia ago. They came by boat from the north,
practicing island hopping.
DNA from Mungo Man
differ substantially from present day Aboriginals
. This points
to multiple emigration waves, sofar lost in time.
Before Willem Janszoon
stepped ashore in 1606, Indians, Chinese and probably
Arabs had already reached Australia but did not create permanent settlements.
explored the eastern shores in
1770 and claimed it as British territory.
A British penal colony was set up in 1788 at Sydney Cove. This was the beginning of
the decline of the Aboriginal people.
In 1986 the last formal ties with Britain were cut and Australia is now an independent federal
parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Its market economy is based on mining, agriculture, manufacturing and banking.
live in urban areas close to the shore, leaving most of the countryside to kangaroos
, camels and poisenous snakes while salties and great
whites endanger the shores.