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Canada, with Ottawa as its capital, is the world's second largest country and its 9000 km border with the USA is the longest border in the world.
 
The far north is mainly tundra and permafrost.
In summer polar bears roam the shores of Hudson Bay, waiting for the freeze-up in winter. Despite dire climate change stories, the polar bears here are thriving, abundant and they are becoming more and more a threat to the local Inuit population.
 
Canada's western part is mountainous and the waters along the Pacific coast teem with fish. This is the domain of the fearsome grizzly bear.
 
Central and east Canada form the agricultural heart of the country, with Ontario and Quebec being the most populous and industrialized provinces.
 
Hunter gatherers from Siberia arrived more than 25.000 years ago via the Bering Land Bridge.
Later the Inuits evolved in the arctic regions while First Nation tribes developed more to the south.
 
First Europeans to explore the shores of Labrador and Newfoundland were the Vikings around 1000 AD but they never created permanent settlements.
In the 16th century France and Britain set up colonies in the east and soon were at war with each other.
 
With the Constitution Act of 1867 the contours of present day Canada were created.
 
Today Canada is a modern, liberal, very wealthy and ethnically diverse democracy.
Alaska Highway
Vancouver area
Jasper
Banff
Niagara Falls
Dawson City
Whitehorse
Newfoundland
Nova Scotia
Bay of Fundy
Quebec