Canada is after Russia the world's second largest country, its 9000 km border with the USA is the longest border in the world.
far north is mainly tundra and permafrost.
In summer polar bears roam the shores of Hudson Bay, waiting for the freeze-up in winter
so they can get back on the ice and hunt seals. Despite dire climate change stories polar bears are thriving, abundant and in
The western part is mountainous and the waters along the Pacific coast teem with fish. This is the domain of the
fearsome grizzly bear.
Central and east Canada form the agricultural heart of the country.
Hunter gatherers from
Siberia arrived more then 25.000 years ago via the Bering Land Bridge
Later the Inuits evolved in the arctic regions whileFirst Nation tribes developed more to the south.
First Europeans to explore the shores of Labrador and Newfoundland were
the Vikings around 1000 AD but they never created permanent settlements.
In the 16th century France and Britain set up colonies in
the east and soon were at war.
With the Constitution Act of 1867 the contours of present day Canada were created.
Canada is a modern, wealthy and ethnically diverse democracy.